What is Cervical Cancer

The cervical cancer (also called cervical carcinoma) is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the cervix. The cervix is part of the reproductive system of women. It is the lower, narrow part of the uterus or womb, the passageway that connects the uterus to the vagina. Sometimes, the cells in the cervix change. These changes can cause benign tumors such as polyps or fibroids that are not cancer. When the cells of the cervix start to change and become abnormal, one occurs cervical dysplasia.

Dysplasia is a precancerous condition. This means that the cells are not cancer, but there is a higher possibility that these abnormal changes to turn into cervical cancer. Cervical dysplasia is a common precancerous condition that can develop into cancer if left untreated. Most women with dysplasia are treated successfully and do not develop cancer. But in some cases, changes in cervical cells can cause cancer. It may take many years (generally around 10 years or more) for precancerous conditions become cervical cancer, but sometimes this can happen in less time. The most common precancerous conditions of the cervix are: dysplasia, intraepithelial neoplasiasquamous intraepithelial lesions, and atypical glandular cells.

All these disorders represent precancerous changes in the cells found in the superficial layer of the cervix. These changes are quite common and occur most often in women between 20 and 30 years. Very often, cervical cancer starts in a flat, thin cells called squamous cells. These cells cover the surface of the cervix and are in the lining of the cervix. This type of cancer called squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. The cancer can also start in the glandular cells responsible for producing mucus. These cells line the inside of the cervix. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma of the cervix. It also can develop rare types of cervical cancer as adenosquamous carcinoma, also called mixed carcinoma, and vitreous cell carcinoma.

Cervical Cancer Facts and Statistics
Cervical Cancer Facts and Statistics
Cervical cancer statistics and facts to get better informed about the fifth most common cancer for women in the world.
Cervical Cancer Vaccine: Functionality and Side Effects
Cervical Cancer Vaccine: Functionality and Side Effects
Cervical cancer vaccine - Gardasil and Cervarix: How does the vaccine work? Who should take it? What are the side effects?
Cervical Cancer Prevention Life Saving Tips
Cervical Cancer Prevention Life Saving Tips
Learn how to protect yourself effectively from cervical cancer by following these life saving cervical cancer prevention tips.
Cervical Cancer Prognosis and Survival Rates
Cervical Cancer Prognosis and Survival Rates
An overview of the cervical cancer prognosis and the five year time period survival rates organized by stage.
Cervical Cancer Treatment Options in Nonpregnant and Pregnant Women
Cervical Cancer Treatment Options in Nonpregnant and Pregnant Women
Discover the different working options available today for cervical cancer treatment.
Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap test & HPV test
Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap test & HPV test
Cervical cancer screening, what does it mean? Pap test and HPV test - learn about it, how it is done, what doctors look for, the possible results.
Causes of Cervical Cancer and Risk Factors
Causes of Cervical Cancer and Risk Factors
Discover the causes and risk factors of the fifth most common cancer for women worldwide , cervical cancer. Beware for better prevention in everyday life.
An Overview Of The Stages Of Cervical Cancer
An Overview Of The Stages Of Cervical Cancer
Learn about the different stages of cervical cancer (squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma) to better understand the treatment options.
Cervical Cancer Pictures
Cervical Cancer Pictures
Cervical cancer pictures images and photos to know what does cervical cancer look like to be better informed about the disease.
What are the Types of Cervical Cancer
What are the Types of Cervical Cancer
Learn about the different types of cervical cancer: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, lymphoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma.
Early Warning Signs of Cervical Cancer and Symptoms at Advanced Stage
Early Warning Signs of Cervical Cancer and Symptoms at Advanced Stage
Feeling any abnormal vaginal discharge, bleeding or pain? Get answers now on cervical cancer symptoms and signs for early treatments and better chance of cure.

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